top of page


Fisher GJ, Kang S, Varani J, Bata-Csorgo Z, Wan Y, Datta S, Voorhees JJ. Mechanisms of Photoaging and Chronological Skin Aging. Arch Dermatol 2002;138(11): 1462–1470.

Datta HS, Paramesh R. Trends in aging and skin care: Ayurvedic concepts. J of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine 2010; 1(2): 110-113.


Guruprasad KP, Dash S, Shivakumar MB, et al. Influence of Amalaki Rasayanaon telomerase activity and telomere length in human blood mononuclear cells. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine 2017; 8(2): 105- 112.


Kabir Y, Seidel R, Mcknight B, Moy R. DNA Repair Enzymes: An Important Role in Skin Cancer Prevention and Reversal of Photodamage- A Review of the Literature. J Drugs Dermatol 2015; 14: 297-303


Katta R, Brown DN. Diet and skin cancer: The potential role of dietary antioxidants in nonmelanoma skin cancer prevention. Journal of Skin Cancer 2015 Oct 25; 2015.


Liu RH. Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003 Sep 1; 78(3): 517S-20S.


Liu RH. Potential synergy of phytochemicals in cancer prevention: mechanism of action. The Journal of Nutrition 2004 Dec 1; 134(12): 3479S- 85S.


Melanson KJ, Greenberg AS, Ludwig DS, Saltzman E, Dallal GE, Roberts SB. Blood glucose and hormonal responses to small and large meals in healthy young and older women. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 1998 Jul 1; 53(4): B299-305.

Stutz M, Lawton GC. Effects of diet and antimicrobials on growth, feed efficiency, intestinal Clostridium perfringens, and ileal weight of broiler chicks. Poultry Science 1984 Oct 1; 63(10): 2036-42.



Skin Saving Foods

Bianco A, Buiarelli F, Cartoni G, Coccioli F, Jasionowska R, Margherita P. Phenol Explorer 3.6: A major update of the Phenol-Explorer database to incorporate new data values for lignans. Journal of Separation Science 2003; 26: 409-416.


Blando F, Gerardi C, Nicoletti I. Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L) Anthocyanins as Ingredients for Functional Foods. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology 2004; 2004(5): 253-258.


Bonaventura P, Benedetti G, Albarède F, Miossec P. Zinc and its role in immunity and inflammation. Autoimmunity Reviews 2015 Apr 30; 14(4): 277-85.


Bourrie BC, Willing BP, Cotter PD. The Microbiota and Health Promoting Characteristics of the Fermented Beverage Kefir. Front Microbiol 2016 May 4; 7: 647.

Chen AC, Martin AJ, Choy B, Fernández-Peñas P, et al. A Phase 3 Randomized Trial of Nicotinamide for Skin-Cancer Chemoprevention. N Engl J Med 2015 Oct 22; 373(17): 1618-26.,


Cosgrove MC, Franco OH, Granger SP, Murray PG, Mayes AE. Dietary nutrient intakes and skin-aging appearance among middle-aged American women. Am J Clin Nutr 2007 Oct; 86(4): 1225-31.


Croteau DL, de Souza-Pinto NC, Harboe C, Keijzers G, Zhang Y, Becker K, Sheng S, Bohr VA. DNA repair and the accumulation of oxidatively damaged DNA are affected by fruit intake in mice. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences 2010 Sep 16; 65(12): 1300-11.


Das I, Acharya A, Berry DL, Sen S, et al. Antioxidative effects of the spice cardamom against non-melanoma skin cancer by modulating nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 and NF-κB signalling pathways. Br J Nutr 2012 Sep 28; 108(6): 984-97.


Das S, Das J, Paul A, Samadder A, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Apigenin, a bioactive flavonoid from Lycopodium clavatum, stimulates nucleotide excision repair genes to protect skin keratinocytes from ultraviolet B- induced reactive oxygen species and DNA damage. J Acupunct Meridian Stud 2013 Oct; 6(5): 252-62.


Dearlove RP, Greenspan P, Hartle DK, Swansen RB, Hargrove JL. Inhibition of protein glycation by extracts of culinary herbs and spices. J Med Food 2008; 11:275-81.


Devarajan A, Mohanmarugaraja MK. A comprehensive review on Rasam: A South Indian traditional functional food. Pharmacognosy Reviews 2017 Jul; 11(22): 73.


Dog TL. A reason to season: the therapeutic benefits of spices and culinary herbs. Explore: The Journal Of Science And Healing 2006 Sep 1; 2(5): 446-9.


Draelos Z. Nutrition and enhancing youthful-appearing skin. Clinics in Dermatol 2010; 28:400-408.


Du B, Bian Z, Xu B. Skin Health Promotion Effects of Natural Beta‐Glucan Derived from Cereals and Microorganisms: A Review. Phytotherapy Research 2014 Feb 1; 28(2): 159-66.


Drewnowski A. Concept of a nutritious food: toward a nutrient density score. Am J Clin Nutr 2005 Oct; 82(4): 721-32.

Ejtahed HS, Mohtadi-Nia J, Homayouni-Rad A, Niafar M, Asghari- Jafarabadi M, Mofid V. Probiotic yogurt improves antioxidant status in type 2 diabetic patients. Nutrition 2012; 28(5): 539-543.


Fukushima Y, Takahashi Y, Hori Y, Kishimoto Y, et al. Skin photoprotection and consumption of coffee and polyphenols in healthy middle-aged Japanese females. Int J Dermatol 2015 Apr;54(4):410-8.


Ge Q, Chen L, Chen K. Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus Using iPS Cells and Spice Polyphenols. Journal of Diabetes Research 2017; 2017.


Giampieri F, Alvarez-Suarez JM, Mazzoni L, Forbes-Hernandez TY et al. Polyphenol-rich strawberry extract protects human dermal fibroblasts against hydrogen peroxide oxidative damage and improves mitochondrial functionality. Molecules 2014 Jun 11; 19(6): 7798 816.


Guo EL, Katta R. Diet and hair loss: effects of nutrient deficiency and supplement use. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual 2017 Jan; 7(1): 1.


Heinrich, U., Neukam, K., Tronnier, H, Sies, H., & Stahl, W. (2006). Long-term ingestion of high flavanol cocoa provides photoprotection against UV- induced erythema and improves skin condition in women. The Journal of Nutrition 2006; 136(6): 1565–1569.


Imokawa G. Recent advances in characterizing biological mechanisms underlying UV-induced wrinkles: a pivotal role of fibroblast-derived elastase. Arch Dermatol Res 2008 Apr; 300 Suppl 1 :S7-20.


Jy K, Ey C, Yh H, Yo S, Js H. Changes in Korean Adult Females' Intestinal Microbiota Resulting from Kimchi Intake. J Nutr Food Sc 2016(6): 486.

Kamal-Eldin A1, Moazzami A, Washi S. Sesame seed lignans: potent physiological modulators and possible ingredients in functional foods & nutraceuticals. Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric 2011 Jan; 3(1): 17-29.


Kano M, Masuoka N, Kaga, C, Sugimoto S, et al. Consecutive Intake of Fermented Milk Containing Bifidobacterium breve Strain Yakult and Galacto-oligosaccharides Benefits Skin Condition in Healthy Adult Women. Biosci Microbiota Food Health 2013; 32(1): 33–39.


Katiyar SK, Pal HC, Prasad R. Dietary proanthocyanidins prevent ultraviolet radiation-induced non-melanoma skin cancer through enhanced repair of damaged DNA-dependent activation of immune sensitivity. Seminars in Cancer Biology 2017 Oct; 46: 138-145.


Kim SR, Jung YR, An HJ, Kim DH, et al. Anti-wrinkle and anti-inflammatory effects of active garlic components and the inhibition of MMPs via NF-κB signaling. PLoS One 2013 Sep 16; 8(9): e73877.

Kook S, Kim GH, Choi K. The antidiabetic effect of onion and garlic in experimental diabetic rats: meta-analysis. Journal of Medicinal Food 2009 Jun 1; 12(3): 552-60.


Lee KK, Kim JH, Cho JJ, Choi JD. Inhibitory Effects of 150 Plant Extracts on Elastase Activity, and Their Anti‐inflammatory Effects. International Journal of Cosmetic Science 1999 Apr 1; 21(2): 71-82.


Li D, Wang P, Luo Y, Zhao M, Chen F. Health benefits of anthocyanins and molecular mechanisms: Update from recent decade. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2017 May 24; 57(8): 1729-1741.


Lim H, Kim HP. Inhibition of mammalian collagenase, matrix metalloproteinase-1, by naturally-occurring flavonoids. Planta Med 2007 Oct; 73(12): 1267-74.


Lorenzo Y, Azqueta A, Luna L, Bonilla F, Domínguez G, Collins AR. The carotenoid β-cryptoxanthin stimulates the repair of DNA oxidation damage in addition to acting as an antioxidant in human cells. Carcinogenesis 2008 Dec 4;

30(2): 308-14.


Moon NR, Kang S, Park S. Consumption of ellagic acid and dihydromyricetin synergistically protects against UV-B induced photoaging, possibly by activating both TGF-β1 and wnt signaling pathways. J Photochem Photobiol B 2017 Nov 7; 178: 92-100.


Nichols JA, Katiyar SK. Skin photoprotection by natural polyphenols: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and DNA repair mechanisms. Archives of Dermatological Research 2010 Mar 1; 302(2): 71-83.


Oba C, Ohara H, Morifuji M, Ito K, Ichikawa S, Kawahata K, Koga J. Collagen hydrolysate intake improves the loss of epidermal barrier function and skin elasticity induced by UVB irradiation in hairless mice. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine 2013 Aug 1; 29(4): 204-11.


Palombo P., Fabrizi G., Ruocco V., Ruocco E., Fluhr J., Roberts R., and Morganti P.: Beneficial long-term effects of combined oral/topical antioxidant treatment with the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin on human skin: a double-blind, placebo-control study. Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2007; 20: 199-210.


Perez-Jiminez J, Neveu V, Vos F, Scalbert A. Identification of the 100 richest dietary sources of polypheols: an application of the Phenol-Explorer database. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2010; 64: S112-S120.


Pérez-Sánchez A, Barrajón-Catalán E, Caturla N, Castillo J, et al. Protective effects of citrus and rosemary extracts on UV-induced damage in skin cell model and human volunteers. J Photochem Photobiol 2014 Jul 5; 136: 12-18


Pittaway J.K., Robertson I.K., Ball M.J. Chickpeas may influence fatty acid and fiber intake in an ad libitum diet, leading to small improvements in serum lipid profile and glycemic control. J Am Diet Assoc 2008; 108: 1009– 1013. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.03.009.


Purba MB, Krouis-Blazos A, Wattanapenpaiboon N, Lukito W, et al. Skin wrinkling: can food make a difference. J Am Coll Nutrition 2001; 20: 71-80.


Riso P, Martini D, Møller P, Loft S, Bonacina G, Moro M, Porrini M. DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers. Mutagenesis. 2010 Aug 16; 25(6): 595-602.


Roberts SB, Rosenberg I. Nutrition and aging: changes in the regulation of energy metabolism with aging. Physiological Reviews 2006 Apr 1; 86(2): 651-67.


Ronpirin C, Pattarachotanant N, Tencomnao T. Protective Effect of Mangifera indica Linn., Cocos nucifera Linn., and Averrhoa carambola Linn. Extracts against Ultraviolet B-Induced Damage in Human Keratinocytes. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2016; 2016: 1684794.


Schagen SK, Zampeli VA, Makrantonaki E, Zouboulis CC. Discovering the link between nutrition and skin aging. Dermato-endocrinology 2012 Jul 1; 4(3): 298-307.


Shao X, Bai N, He K, Ho CT, et al. Apple polyphenols, phloretin and phloridzin: new trapping agents of reactive dicarbonyl spec Chem Res Toxicol 2008 Oct; 21(10): 2042-50.


Shishehbor F, Mansoori A, Shirani F. Vinegar consumption can attenuate postprandial glucose and insulin responses; a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2017; 127: 1-9.


Sies H, Stahl W. Nutritional protection against skin damage from sunlight. Annu Rev Nutr 2004 Jul 14; 24: 173-200.


Sim GS, Lee BC, Choo HS, Lee JW, et al. Structure activity relationship of antioxidative property of flavonoids and inhibitory effect on matrix metalloproteinase activity in UVA-irradiated human dermal fibroblast. Arch Pharm Res 2007 Mar; 30(3): 290-8.

Sommerburg O, Keunen J, Bird A, van Kuijk FJGM. Fruits and vegetables that are sources for lutein and zeaxanthin: the macular pigment in human eyes. The British Journal of Ophthalmology 1998; 82(8): 907-910.


Song JH, Bae EY, Choi G, Hyun JW, et al. Protective effect of mango (Mangifera indica L.) against UVB-induced skin aging in hairless mice. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2013 Apr; 29(2): 84-9.


Srinivasan K. Plant foods in the management of diabetes mellitus: spices as beneficial antidiabetic food adjuncts. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 2005 Jan 1; 56(6): 399-414.


Thring TS, Hili P, Naughton DP. Anti-collagenase, anti-elastase and anti- oxidant activities of extracts from 21 plants. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 Aug 4; 9(1): 27.


Trinidad TP, Valdez DH, Loyola AS, et al. Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition. 2003;90(3):551-556.


Tsao R. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Dietary Polyphenols. Nutrients 2010;2(12): 1231-1246.


Uribarri J, Woodruff S, Goodman S, Cai W, Chen X, Pyzik R, Yong A, Striker GE, Vlassara H. Advanced glycation end products in foods and a practical guide to their reduction in the diet. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2010 Jun 30; 110(6): 911-6.


USDA/Agricultural Research Service. Luteolin stars in study of healthful plant compounds. ScienceDaily. Published July 16, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2017.


Vardy JL, Kricker A, St. George G. A phase 3 randomized trial of nicotinamide for skin-cancer chemoprevention. New England Journal of Medicine 2015 Oct 22; 373(17): 1618-26.


Vaughn AR, Branum A, Sivamani RK. Effects of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) on Skin Health: A Systematic Review of the Clinical Evidence. Phytother Res 2016; 30: 1243-64.


Wallace TC, Murray R, Zelman KM. The Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Chickpeas and Hummus. Nutrients 2016; 8(12): 766. Watzl B, Kulling SE, Möseneder J, Barth SW, Bub A. A 4-wk intervention with high intake of carotenoid-rich vegetables and fruit reduces plasma C- reactive protein in healthy, nonsmoking men. Am J Clin Nutr 2005; 82: 1052–8.

Weh WJ, Hsia SM, Lee WH, Wu CH. Polyphenols with antiglycation activity and mechanisms of action: A review of recent findings. J Food Drug Anal 2017 Jan; 25(1): 84-92.


Weiss DJ, Anderton CR. Determination of catechins in matcha green tea by micellar electrokinetic chromatography. J Chromatogr A 2003 Sep 5; 1011(1-2):173-80.


Whitehead RD, Re D, Xiao D, Ozakinci G, Perrett DI. You are what you eat: Within-subject increases in fruit and vegetable consumption confer beneficial skin-color changes. PloS One 2012 Mar 7; 7(3): e32988.


Yan M, Liu Z, Yang H, Li C, Chen H, Liu Y, Zhao M, Zhu Y. Luteolin decreases the UVA-induced autophagy of human skin fibroblasts by scavenging ROS. Molecular Medicine Reports 2016 Sep 1; 14(3): 1986-92.





Dao MC, Everard A, Aron-Wisnewsky J, Sokolovska N, et al. Akkermansia muciniphila and improved metabolic health during a dietary intervention in obesity: relationship with gut microbiome richness and ecology. Gut 2015; 22: 2014.


Melanson KJ, Greenberg AS, Ludwig DS, Saltzman E, Dallal GE, Roberts SB. Blood glucose and hormonal responses to small and large meals in healthy young and older women. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 1998 Jul 1; 53(4): B299-305.


Mullin GE. The good gut diet: turn your digestive system into a fat-Burning machine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale; 2015.


Qi L. Gene-diet interaction and weight loss. Curr Opin Lipidol 2014 Feb; 25(1): 27.


Zhang X, Qi Q, Zhang C, Smith SR, Hu FB, Sacks FM, Bray GA, Qi L. FTO Genotype and 2-Year Change in Body Composition and Fat Distribution in Response to Weight-Loss Diets. Diabetes 2012 Nov 1; 61(11): 3005-11.





Carlsen MH, Halvorsen BL, Holte K, et al. The total antioxidant content of more than 3100 foods, beverages, spices, herbs and supplements used worldwide. Nutrition Journal 2010; 9: 3. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-3.


Halvorsen BL, Carlsen MH, Phillips KM, Bøhn SK, Holte K, Jacobs DR, Blomhoff R. Content of redox-active compounds (ie, antioxidants) in foods consumed in the United States. The American Journal Of Clinical Nutrition 2006 Jul 1; 84(1):


Liu R. Health-Promoting Components of Fruits and Vegetables in the Diet. Adv Nutr 2013 May; 4(3): 384S–392S .




Buckley DI, Fu R, Freeman M, Rogers K, Helfand M. C-reactive protein as a risk factor for coronary heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analyses for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Annals of Internal Medicine 2009 Oct 6; 151(7): 483-95.


Curb JD, Abbott RD, Rodriguez BL, Sakkinen P, Popper JS, Yano K, Tracy RP.C-reactive protein and the future risk of thromboembolic  stroke in healthy men. Circulation 2003 Apr 22; 107(15): 2016-20.


Harmon BE, Wirth MD, Boushey CJ, Wilkens LR, et al. The Dietary Inflammatory Index Is Associated with Colorectal Cancer Risk in the Multiethnic Cohort. The Journal of Nutrition 2017 Mar 1;147(3): 430-8.


Koyama A, O’Brien J, Weuve J, Blacker D, Metti AL, Yaffe K. The role of peripheral inflammatory markers in dementia and Alzheimer’s disease: a meta-analysis. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences 2012 Sep 14; 68(4): 433-40.


Shivappa N, Steck SE, Hurley TG, Hussey JR, Hébert JR. Designing and developing a literature-derived, population-based dietary inflammatory index. Public Health Nutrition 2014 Aug; 17(8): 1689-96.





Aggarwal BB, Shishodia S. Suppression of the Nuclear Factor‐κB Activation Pathway by Spice‐Derived Phytochemicals: Reasoning for Seasoning. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2004 Dec 1; 1030(1): 434-41.


Aggarwal BB, Yuan W, Li S, Gupta SC. Curcumin‐free turmeric exhibits anti‐ inflammatory and anticancer activities: Identification of novel components of turmeric. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 2013 Sep 1; 57(9): 1529-42.


Allen RW, Schwartzman E, Baker WL, Coleman CI, Phung OJ. Cinnamon use in type 2 diabetes: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Family Medicine 2013 Sep 1; 11(5): 452-9.


Kaefer CM, Miler JA. The role of herbs and spices in cancer prevention. J Nutr Biochem 2008 Jun; 19(6): 347-61.

Neelakantan N, Narayanan M, de Souza RJ, van Dam RM. Effect of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) intake on glycemia: a meta- analysis of clinical trials. Nutrition Journal 2014 Jan 18; 13(1): 7.


San Chang J, Wang KC, Yeh CF, Shieh DE, Chiang LC. Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2013 Jan 9; 145(1): 146-51.


Saraswat M, Reddy PY, Muthenna P, Reddy GB. Prevention of non- enzymic glycation of proteins by dietary agents: prospects for alleviating diabetic complications. British Journal of Nutrition 2008 Nov; 101(11): 1714- 21.


Shan B, Cai T, Sun M, Corke H. Antioxidant Capacity of 26 Spice Extracts and Characterization of Their Phenolic Constituents. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2005: 53: 7749-7759 .


Srinivasan K. Plant foods in the management of diabetes mellitus: spices as beneficial antidiabetic food adjuncts. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 2005 Jan 1; 56(6): 399-414.


Yashin A, Yashin Y, Xia X, Nemzer B. Antioxidant Activity of Spices and Their Impact on Human Health: A Review. Antioxidants (Basel) 2017 Sep 15; 6(3).




Karl JP, Meydani M, Barnett JB, Vanegas SM, et al. Substituting whole grains for refined grains in a 6-wk randomized trial favorably affects energy-balance metrics in healthy men and postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2017 Mar; 105(3):



The Nutrition Source. (2018). Whole Grains. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Jan. 2018].



Black HS, Thornby JI, Gerguis J, Lenger W. Influence of dietary omega-6, -3 fatty acid sources on the initiation and promotion stages of photocarcinogenesis. Photochem Photobiol 1992; 56: 195-99.

Boelsma E, Hendriks HF, Roza L. Nutritional skin care: health effects of micronutrients and fatty acids. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001; 73(5): 853-64.


Finch J, Munhutu MN, Whitaker-Worth DL. Atopic dermatitis and nutrition. Clin Dermatol 2010; 28(6): 605–14. Latreille J, Kesse-Guyot E, Malvy D, Andreeva V, Galan P, Tschachler E, et al. (2012) Dietary Monounsaturated Fatty Acids Intake and Risk of Skin Photoaging.

PLoS ONE 7(9): e44490.


Nagata C, Nakamura K, Wada K, Oba S, Hayashi M, et al. (2010) Association of dietary fat, vegetables and antioxidant micronutrients with skin aging in Japanese women. Br J Nutr 103: 1493 – 1498.


Rhodes LE, O'Farrell S, Jackson MJ, Friedmann PS. 1994. Dietary fish-oil supplementation in humans reduces UVBerythemal sensitivity but increases epidermal lipid peroxidation. Invest. Dermatol 103: 151-54.


Rhodes LE, Shahbakhti H, Azurdia RM, Moison RM, Steenwinkel MJ, et al. 2003. Effect of eicosapentaenoic acid, an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, on UVR- related cancer risk in humans. An assessment of early genotoxic markers.

Carcinogenesis 24: 919-25.


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition. December 2015.


Chang YS, Trivedi MK, Jha A, Lin YF, Dimaano L, Garcia-Romero MT. Synbiotics for prevention and treatment of atopic dermatitis: a meta- analysis of randomized clinical trials. JAMA Pediatr 2016; 170(3): 236–42.


Gibson GR, Scott KP, Rastall RA, Tuohy KM, Hotchkiss A, Dubert-Ferrandon A, Gareau M, Murphy EF, Saulnier D, Loh G. Dietary prebiotics: current status and new definition. Food Sci Technol Bull Funct Foods 2010; 7: 1-19.


Gueniche A., Phillippe D., Bastien P., Reuteler G., Blum S., Castiel- Higounenc I. Randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study of the effect of Lactobacillus paracasei NCC 2461 on skin reactivity. Benef Microbes 2014; 5: 137–145.


Hacini-Rachinel, F., Gheit, H., Le Luduec, J. B., Dif, F., Nancey, S., & Kaiserlian, D. (2009). Oral probiotic control skin inflammation by acting on both effector and regulatory T cells. PLoS One 2009; 4(3): e4903.

Heizer WD, Southern S, McGovern S. The role of diet in symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in adults: a narrative review. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2009 Jul 31; 109(7): 1204-14.


Hemarajata P, Versalovic J. Effects of probiotics on gut microbiota: mechanisms of intestinal immunomodulation and neuromodulation. Ther Adv Gastro 2013; 6(1): 39–51.


Holscher HD. Dietary fiber and prebiotics and the gastrointestinal microbiota Gut Microbes 2017; 8(2): 172–184.


Jensen G., Benson K., Carter S., Endres J. Ganeden BC30 cell wall and metabolites: anti-inflammatory and immune modulating effects in vitro. BMC Immunol 2010; 11: 15.


Picardo, M., & Ottaviani, M. (2014). Skin Microbiome and Skin Disease The Example of Rosacea, 48(December), 85–86.


Scourboutakos MJ, Franco-Arellano B, Murphy SA, Norsen S, Comelli EM, L’Abbe MR. Mismatch between Probiotic Benefits in Trials versus Food Products. Nutrients 2017 Apr; 9(4): 400.


Turnbaugh PJ, Ridaura VK, Faith JJ, Rey FE, Knight R, Gordon JI.The effect of diet on the human gut microbiome: a metagenomic analysis in humanized gnotobiotic mice. Sci Transl Med 2009 Nov 11; 1(6): 6-14.




Abid A, Ahmad S, Waheed A. Screening for Type II Diabetes Mellitus in the United States: The Present and the Future. Clinical medicine insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes 2016; 9: 19.


Akash MS, Rehman K, Chen S. Spice plant Allium cepa: Dietary supplement for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutrition 2014 Oct 31;30(10):1128-37


Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008. Diabetes Care 2008 Dec 1; 31(12): 2281-3.


Caramel Frappuccino® Blended Coffee. Starbucks Coffee Company.

beverages/caramel-frappuccino-blended-beverage. Accessed December 13, 2017.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes statistics report: estimates of diabetes and its burden in the United States, 2014. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services. 2014 Sep; 2014.


Dunstan DW, Kingwell BA, Larsen R, Healy GN, et al. Breaking up prolonged sitting reduces postprandial glucose and insulin responses. Diabetes Care 2012 May 1; 35(5): 976-83.


Ge Q, Chen L, Chen K. Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus Using iPS Cells and Spice Polyphenols. Journal of Diabetes Research 2017; 2017.


Gujral UP, Vittinghoff E, Mongraw-Chaffin M, Vaidya D, et al. Cardiometabolic Abnormalities Among Normal-Weight Persons From Five Racial/Ethnic Groups in the United States: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Two Cohort Studies

Cardiometabolic Abnormalities Among Normal- Weight Persons. Annals of Internal Medicine 2017 May 2; 166(9): 628-36.


Healthy Eating Plate & Healthy Eating Pyramid. The Nutrition Source. plate/. Published August 24, 2017. Accessed December 13, 2017.


Hernández-Alonso P, Salas-Salvadó J, Baldrich-Mora M, Juanola- Falgarona M, Bulló M. Beneficial effect of pistachio consumption on glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, inflammation, and related metabolic risk markers: a randomized clinical trial. Diabetes Care 2014 Nov 1; 37(11): 3098-105.


Johnson RK, Appel LJ, Brands M, Howard BV, et al. Dietary sugars intake and cardiovascular health. Circulation 2009 Sep 15; 120(11): 1011-20.


Kastorini CM, Panagiotakos DB. Dietary patterns and prevention of type 2 diabetes: from research to clinical practice; a systematic review. Current Diabetes Reviews 2009 Nov 1; 5(4): 221-7.


Khan A, Zaman G, Anderson RA. Bay leaves improve glucose and lipid profile of people with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition 2009; 44(1): 52-6.


Khandouzi N, Shidfar F, Rajab A, Rahideh T, Hosseini P, Taheri MM. The effects of ginger on fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1c, apolipoprotein

B, apolipoprotein AI and malondialdehyde in type 2 diabetic patients. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 2015; 14(1): 131 .


Koschinsky T, He CJ, Mitsuhashi T, Bucala R, et al. Orally absorbed reactive glycation products (glycotoxins): an environmental risk factor in diabetic nephropathy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 1997 Jun 10; 94(12): 6474-9.


Manore MM. Exercise and the Institute of Medicine recommendations for nutrition. Curr Sports Med Rep 2005; 4(4): 193-8.


Medagama AB. The glycaemic outcomes of Cinnamon, a review of the experimental evidence and clinical trials. Nutrition Journal 2015 Oct 16; 14(1): 108.


Muraki I, Imamura F, Manson JE, Hu FB, Willett WC, van Dam RM, Sun Q. Fruit consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: results from three prospective longitudinal cohort studies. BMJ 2013 Aug 29; 347: f5001.


Östman E, Granfeldt Y, Persson L, Björck I. Vinegar supplementation lowers glucose and insulin responses and increases satiety after a bread meal in healthy subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005 Sep 1; 59(9): 983-8.


Noordam R, Gunn DA, Tomlin CC, Maier AB, et al. Leiden Longevity Study Group. High serum glucose levels are associated with a higher perceived age. Age 2013 Feb 1; 35(1): 189-95.


Reynolds AN, Mann JI, Williams S, Venn BJ. Advice to walk after meals is more effective for lowering postprandial glycaemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus than advice that does not specify timing: a randomised crossover study. Diabetologia 2016 Dec 1; 59(12): 2572-8.


Rosolova H, Mayer Jr O, Reaven G. Effect of variations in plasma magnesium concentration on resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal in nondiabetic subjects. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 1997 Nov 1; 82(11): 3783-5.


Shukla AP, Iliescu RG, Thomas CE, Aronne LJ. Food order has a significant impact on postprandial glucose and insulin levels. Diabetes Care 2015 Jul 1; 38(7): e98-9.


Via M. The Malnutrition of Obesity: Micronutrient Deficiencies That Promote Diabetes. ISRN Endocrinology 2012; 2012:103472. doi:10.5402/2012/103472.


Winham DM, Hutchins AM, Thompson SV. Glycemic Response to Black Beans and Chickpeas as Part of a Rice Meal: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial. Nutrients 2017 Oct 4; 9(10): 1095.

Zeevi D, Korem T, Zmora N, Israeli D, et al. Personalized nutrition by prediction of glycemic responses. Cell 2015 Nov 19; 163(5): 1079-94.


Zhang DW, Fu M, Gao SH, Liu JL. Curcumin and diabetes: a systematic review. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013 Nov 24; 2013.


Barcelos RC, Vey LT, Segat HJ, Benvegnu DM, et al. Influence of trans fat on skin damage in first-generation rats exposed to UV radiation. Photochem Photobiol 2015 Mar-Apr; 91(2): 424-30.


Nguyen HP, Katta R. Sugar Sag: Glycation and the Role of Diet in Aging Skin. Skin Therapy Letter 2015 Nov; 20(6): 1-5.


Uribarri J, Woodruff S, Goodman S, Cai W, Chen X, Pyzik R, Yong A, Striker GE, Vlassara H. Advanced glycation end products in foods and a practical guide to their reduction in the diet. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2010 Jun 30; 110(6): 911-6.


Bowe WP, Joshi SS, Shalita AR. Diet and acne. J Am Acad Dermatol 2010; 63: 124-41.


Chang YS, Trivedi MK, Jha A, Lin YF, Dimaano L, Garcia-Romero MT. Synbiotics for prevention and treatment of atopic dermatitis: a meta- analysis of randomized clinical trials. JAMA Pediatr 2016; 170(3): 236–42.


Katta R, Desai SP. Diet and dermatology: the role of dietary intervention in skin disease. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology 2014 Jul; 7(7): 46.


Katta R, Schlichte M. Diet and dermatitis: food triggers. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology 2014 Mar; 7(3): 30.

Kwon HH, Yoon JY, Hong JS, et al. Clinical and histological effect of a low glycaemic load diet in treatment of acne vulgaris in Korean patients: a randomized, controlled trial. Acta Derm Venereol 2012; 92(3): 241–246.


Schlichte MJ, Vandersall A, Katta R. Diet and eczema: a review of dietary supplements for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual 2016 Jul; 6(3): 23.


Smith RN, Braue A, Varigos GA, Mann NJ. The effect of a low glycemic load diet on acne vulgaris and the fatty acid composition of skin surface triglycerides. J Dermatol Sci 2008; 50(1): 41–52.


Smith RN, Mann NJ, Braue A, Mäkeläinen H, Varigos GA. The effect of a high- protein, low glycemic-load diet versus a conventional, high glycemic-load diet on biochemical parameters associated with acne vulgaris: a randomized, investigator-masked, controlled trial. J Am Acad Dermatol 2007 Aug; 57(2): 247- 56.


Smith RN, Mann NJ, Makelainen H, Roper J, Braue A, Varigos GA. A pilot study to determine the short-term effects of a low glycemic load diet on hormonal markers of acne: a nonrandomized, parallel, controlled feeding trial. Mol Nutr Food Res 2008; 52: 718–26.


Weiss E, Katta R. Diet and rosacea: the role of dietary change in the management of rosacea. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual 2017 Oct; 7(4): 31.




Altemus M, Rao B, Dhabhar F S, Ding W, Granstein R D. Stress-induced changes in skin barrier function in healthy women. J Invest. Dermatol 2001; 117 (2): 309–317.


Axelsson J, Sundelin T, Ingre M, Van Someren EJW, Olsson A, Lekander M. Beauty sleep: experimental study on the perceived health and attractiveness of sleep deprived people. BMJ 2010; 341: c6614.

Chen Y, Lyga J. Brain-skin connection: stress, inflammation and skin aging. Inflammation & Allergy-Drug Targets 2014 Jun 1; 13(3): 177-90 .


Chiu A, Chon SY, Kimball AB. The response of skin disease to stress: changes in the severity of acne vulgaris as affected by examination stress. Archives of Dermatology 2003 Jul 1; 139(7): 897-900.


Cohen R. Bavishi C, Rozanski A. Purpose in Life and Its Relationship to All- Cause Mortality and Cardiovascular Events: A Meta-Analysis. Psychosom Med 2016 Feb-Mar; 78(2): 122-33.


Crane JD, MacNeil LG, Lally JS, Ford RJ, et al. Exercise‐stimulated interleukin‐15 is controlled by AMPK and regulates skin metabolism and aging. Aging Cell 2015 Aug 1; 14(4): 625-34.


Dunn JH, Koo J. Psychological stress and skin aging: a review of possible mechanisms and potential therapies. Dermatology Online Journal 2013 Jan 1; 19(6).


Garg A, Chren M M, Sands L P, Matsui M S, Marenus K D, Feingold K R, Elias P M. Psychological stress perturbs epidermal permeability barrier homeostasis: implications for the pathogenesis of stress-associated skin disorders. Arch Dermatol 2001; 137 (1): 53–59.


Hampl JS, Hampl WS. Pellagra and the origin of a myth: evidence from European literature and folklore. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 1997 Nov; 90(11): 636-9.


Holt-Lunstad J, Smith TB, Layton JB. Social relationships and mortality risk: a meta-analytic review. PLoS Medicine 2010 Jul 27; 7(7) :e1000316.


Kumari M, Badrick E, Ferrie J, Perski A, Marmot M, Chandola T. Self- reported sleep duration and sleep disturbance are independently associated with cortisol secretion in the Whitehall II study. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 2009 Dec; 94(12): 4801-9.


Mourya M, Mahajan AS, Singh NP, Jain AK. Effect of slow-and fast- breathing exercises on autonomic functions in patients with essential hypertension. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2009 Jul 1; 15(7): 711-7.


Ochiai H, Ikei H, Song C, Kobayashi M, Takamatsu A, Miura T, Kagawa T, Li Q, Kumeda S, Imai M, Miyazaki Y. Physiological and psychological effects of forest therapy on middle-aged males with high-normal blood pressure. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2015 Feb 25; 12(3): 2532-42.

Oyetakin-White P, Koo B, Matsui M, Yarosh D, Fthenakis C, Cooper K, Baron E. In Effects of Sleep Quality on Skin Aging and Function. J Invest Dermatol 2013 May 1: S126.


Pressman SD, Matthews KA, Cohen S, Martire LM, Scheier M, Baum A, Schulz R. Association of enjoyable leisure activities with psychological and physical well- being. Psychosomatic Medicine 2009 Sep; 71(7): 725.


Sinha AN, Deepak D, Gusain VS. Assessment of the Effects of Pranayama/Alternate Nostril Breathing on the Parasympathetic Nervous System in Young Adults. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 2013; 7(5): 821- 823.


Walburn J, Vedhara K, Hankins M, Rixon L, Weinman J. Psychological stress and wound healing in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Psychosom Res 2009; 67 (3): 253–271.


Yosipovitch G, Tang M, Dawn AG, Chen M, Goh CL, Chan YH, Seng LF. Study of psychological stress, sebum production and acne vulgaris in adolescents. Acta Dermato-venereologica 2007 Mar 15; 87(2): 135-9.




bottom of page